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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

El Salvador, 3 February 2019
Bangladesh, 30 December 2018
Democratic Republic of the Congo, 30 December 2018
Togo, 20 December 2018
Armenia, 9 December 2018
Fiji, 14 November 2018
Madagascar, 7 November and 19 December 2018
USA, 6 November 2018
Georgia, 28 October and 28 November 2018

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

15 February 2019 Spain

Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez of the Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE) announced that an early general election would be held on 28 April 2019, after the Government’s budget was rejected by the Congress of Deputies on 13 February. Legislators representing Catalan separatist parties, who had previously supported the PSOE minority administration—which had been in office since June 2018, when Sánchez replaced the Partido Popular’s Mariano Rajoy following a vote of no confidence—voted with the opposition centre-right parties to reject the national budget.

12 February 2019 former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia

The Prespa Agreement with Greece entered into force, providing for the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia (FYRM) to be renamed officially as the Republic of North Macedonia. The agreement, reached in June 2018, had been ratified by both sides, and had also been approved by a referendum held in the FYRM. The so-called name dispute (after Greece objected to the ‘Republic of Macedonia’, owing to fears of territorial claims on the Greek province of the same name) had hindered bilateral relations for over 25 years, and had presented a significant obstacle to the FYRM’s accession to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union, owing to Greek opposition. The entry into force of the Prespa Agreement followed Greek ratification on 8 February of an accession protocol allowing the neighbouring state to join NATO. The Secretary-General of the United Nations was informed of the entry into force of the Prespa Agreement.

4 February 2019 Venezuela

Members of the European Union (EU) joined the USA and the Lima Group of Latin American countries in recognizing Juan Guaidó, the speaker of the opposition-controlled National Assembly, as the legitimate President of Venezuela. The announcement came after incumbent President Nicolás Maduro dismissed the international community’s calls to hold fresh elections, asserting that he would not give into ‘ultimatums’. Guaidó had declared himself to be the interim head of state on 23 January, until further elections could be held. More than 2m. Venezuelans had left the country since 2015 in the face of spiralling hyperinflation (expected to reach 10m.% in 2019) and ongoing shortages of food and basic items.

3 February 2019 El Salvador

According to preliminary results from the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, after 99.9% of the votes had been counted, Nayib Bukele of the Gran Alianza por la Unidad Nacional was the victor in the presidential election. Bukele, whose campaign pledge was ‘there is enough money if nobody steals’, won 53.0% of the votes cast, more than the 50% plus one needed to avoid a second round of voting. His nearest rival, Carlos Calleja of the right-wing Alianza Republicana Nacionalista (ARENA), won 31.8% of the ballot, while Hugo Martínez of the ruling left-wing Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN) garnered just 14.4% of the vote. Bukele’s win ended more than 25 years of rule by either the FMLN or ARENA; both parties had lost popularity owing to widespread corruption scandals and rising crime rates.

31 January 2019 Lebanon

A new Cabinet was sworn into office by President Michel Aoun. The appointments were confirmed more than eight months after legislative elections held in May 2018 and followed protracted negotiations between the country’s major political organizations. Saad Hariri of the Future Movement retained the post of Prime Minister and the Lebanese Forces Party’s Ghassan Hasbani that of Deputy Prime Minister. Among the other notable appointees were the Future Movement’s Raya Hafar al-Hassan, who became the first female in Lebanon’s history to be appointed as Minister of the Interior and Municipalities, Jamal Sobhi Jabaq (an independent aligned with Hezbollah) as Minister of Health, and Elias Bou Saab—a member of President Aoun’s Free Patriotic Movement—as Minister of National Defence. The outgoing Ministers of Finance and of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates remained in post.

29 January 2019 United Kingdom/European Union

Seven amendments to Prime Minister Theresa May’s Brexit arrangements—which had been agreed with European Union (EU) negotiators in November 2018, but on which the UK Government had lost a ‘meaningful vote’ in the House of Commons in January 2019—were discussed in Parliament. Two amendments were passed. One sought to prevent the UK’s exit from the EU without a deal in place by the scheduled exit date of 29 March, while the other called for ‘alternative arrangements’ to be agreed with the EU over the so-called ‘backstop’—an arrangement of last resort to avoid a ‘hard’ border between Northern Ireland and Ireland which, if used, could result in regulatory differences between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK. Prominent EU officials, including President of the European Council Donald Tusk and the European Commission’s Chief Negotiator on Brexit, Michel Barnier, reiterated that the Withdrawal Agreement would not be renegotiated.

24 January 2019 Malaysia

The new Sultan of Pahang, Sultan Abdullah al-Haj ibni Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah al-Musta’in Billah, ascended to the throne as Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Supreme Ruler or King), following his election by the Conference of Rulers on 24 January. Sultan Muhammad V (Sultan of Kelantan) had resigned as Yang di Pertuan Agong on 6 January, the first time a Malaysian monarch had abdicated since the country gained independence in 1957. Muhammad V had been on a leave of absence from early November 2018 to the end of December, purportedly receiving medical treatment, although there were unconfirmed reports that he had married a Russian woman during this period. Sultan Abdullah, who had been the Regent of Pahang owing to his father’s ill health, had become Sultan of Pahang on 15 January 2019, following his father’s abdication, and was thus eligible to be elected as Yang di-Pertuan Agong under the rotational system observed by the royal rulers.

21 January 2019 Philippines

At a plebiscite in the five provinces that form the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), and in the cities of Cotabato and Isabela, the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL) was ratified with 1,540,017 votes in favour and 198,750 votes against. The BOL provided for the creation of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), a new autonomous political entity with enhanced political and economic powers to replace the ARMM. The electorate in the cities of Cotabato and Isabela were also asked whether they would like to join the BARMM. Voters in Basilan province voted in favour of Isabela City joining the BARMM by 144,640 to 8,487, although in Isabela City the no votes numbered 22,441 compared with 19,032 in favour. In Cotabato City the electorate voted in favour of inclusion by 36,682, with 24,994 against. A second plebiscite then took place on 6 February in parts of the provinces of Lanao del Norte and Cotabato to determine whether cities and districts would be included in the BARMM. Although six towns in Lanao del Norte voted in favour of joining the BARMM, the rest of the province voted against losing the towns so they were not permitted to join. Of the 67 districts polled in Cotabato, 63 voted in favour of joining the BARMM, according to unofficial results.


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