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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may now download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Botswana, 24 October 2014
Bulgaria, 5 October 2014
Brazil, 5 October 2014
Latvia, 4 October 2014
New Zealand, 20 September 2014
Fiji, 17 September 2014
Sweden, 14 September 2014
Montserrat, 11 September 2014

Free Sample Country

Argentina

Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

5 October Brazil

Dilma Rousseff of the ruling Partido dos Trabalhadores failed to secure an outright victory in the first round of the presidential election. Rousseff, who was seeking a further term in office, won 41.6% of the vote, according to preliminary results, short of the outright majority needed to avoid a second round ballot. Second-placed was Aécio Neves of the Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira, who garnered 33.5% of the vote. Marina Silva, representing the Partido Socialista Brasileiro, gained only 21.3% of the ballot. A run-off election between Rousseff and Neves was scheduled for 26 October.

5 October Bulgaria

Legislative elections took place. Preliminary results indicated that Grazhdani za evropeysko razvitie na Balgariya (GERB—Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria), led by former Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, secured the largest proportion of the votes cast, with some 32.7%. A coalition led by the Balgarska Sotsialisticheska Partiya (BSP—Bulgarian Socialist Party) came second, with 15.4% of the votes. Dvizhenie za Prava i Svobodi (DPS—Movement for Rights and Freedoms), representing the ethnic Turkish minority, received 14.8% of the votes.

22 September Poland

A new Government was sworn in under Ewa Kopacz of Platforma Obywatelska (PO—Civic Platform), following  the resignation of Prime Minister and PO Chairman Donald Tusk, owing to his appointment as President of the European Council with effect from December 2014. As stipulated by the Constitution, Tusk’s resignation had prompted that of the entire cabinet. Kopacz had hitherto held the role of Marshal of the Sejm, the lower house of the Polish legislature.

21 September Afghanistan

Following the signing of a power-sharing agreement by the two candidates for the presidency, Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai was appointed President-elect of Afghanistan. According to the agreement, Ashraf Ghani (a former Minister of Finance and World Bank official) was to govern in co-operation with a Chief Executive, to be nominated by his rival for the presidency, Dr Abdullah Abdullah. An inconclusive presidential election on 5 April, was followed by a run-off ballot, involving Ashraf Ghani and Dr Abdullah, on 14 June. Although provisional results released in July indicated that Ashraf Ghani had secured a majority, the results were rejected by Dr Abdullah, owing to credible allegations that widespread electoral fraud had taken place. Both candidates subsequently approved a UN-monitored election audit and agreed to enter negotiations on the formation of a government of national unity, following talks mediated by the US Secretary of State, John Kerry. Ashraf Ghani was sworn in as President on 29 September; Dr Abdullah was also sworn in as Chief Executive.

20 September New Zealand

A general election was held, at which the ruling National Party, which had presided over a rapid growth in the economy, won a comfortable victory (with a tally, according to the final results, of just one seat short of an outright majority), securing a third successive term as Prime Minister for its leader John Key. Once the special votes had been counted, it was officially declared on 4 October that the National Party had won 60 seats in the 121-member House of Representatives, while the Labour Party had secured 32, the Green Party 14 and New Zealand First 11. On 6 October Key announced the composition of a new Cabinet.

18 September United Kingdom

At a referendum held in Scotland on whether Scotland should become an independent country, separation from the United Kingdom was rejected by 55.3% of votes to 44.7%. The voting age was lowered, for the first time in the United Kingdom, to 16 years. Turnout, at 84.6%, was exceptionally high. The British Prime Minister, David Cameron, announced that commitments made during the campaign by the three principal unionist parties in the United Kingdom Parliament to devolve more powers to the Scottish Parliament would be honoured; draft legislation was due to be published in January 2015.

14 September Sweden

At a general election the Swedish Social Democratic Party (SAP) won 113 seats in the Riksdag, according to preliminary results, thus bringing the total seats secured by parties of the left to 158. The parties of the governing centre-right Alliance coalition took 142 seats. Notably, the far-right, anti-immigration Sweden Democrats (which had secured 5.7% of votes at the 2010 election) won 12.9% of the votes cast to become the third largest party in the Riksdag with 49 seats. The Prime Minister, Fredrik Reinfeldt, resigned as premier and as leader of the Moderate Party the following day. Stefan Löfven, leader of the SAP, was expected to form a government.

8 September Iraq

A new Council of Ministers took office, having being approved by the Council of Representatives. Haidar al-Abadi, of the predominantly Shi‘a Muslim State of Law alliance, was confirmed as Prime Minister, while Hoshyar al-Zibari (a Kurd), Salih al-Mutlaq (a Sunni Muslim) and Baha Arraji (also Shi‘a) were each appointed as deputy premiers. Among the most notable ministerial appointments were those of Ibrahim al-Ja‘fari (the Prime Minister in 2005–06) as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rozh Nuri Shaways as Minister of Finance, and Adil Abd al-Mahdi as Minister of Oil. The defence and interior portfolios remained unallocated; al-Abadi was to retain responsibility for both pending the appointment of permanent ministers. Meanwhile, three Vice-Presidents were also selected: Nuri al-Maliki, who had served as Prime Minister in 2006–14, Ayad Allawi, the interim Prime Minister in 2004–05, and Osama al-Nujayfi, a former parliamentary speaker.

 


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