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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may now download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Turkey, 10 August 2014
Slovenia, 13 July 2014
Indonesia, 9 July 2014
Mauritania, 21 June 2014
Afghanistan, 14 June 2014
Antigua and Barbuda, 12 June 2014
Kosovo, 8 June 2014
Syria, 3 June 2014

Free Sample Country

Argentina

Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

20 September New Zealand

A general election was held, at which the ruling National Party, which has presided over rapid growth in the national economy, won an overall majority of seats, securing a third successive term as Prime Minister for its leader John Key. According to official preliminary results, the National Party won 61 seats in the 121-member House of Representatives, while the Labour Party won 32, the Green Party 13 and New Zealand First 11. Despite the party’s outright majority, the first won by any party since a system of proportional representation was introduced in 1996, Key announced his intention to enter discussions with other parties to form another coalition government.

18 September United Kingdom

At a referendum held in Scotland on whether Scotland should become an independent country, separation from the United Kingdom was rejected by 55.3% of votes to 44.7%. The voting age was lowered, for the first time in the United Kingdom, to 16 years. Turnout, at 84.6%, was exceptionally high. The British Prime Minister, David Cameron, announced that commitments made during the campaign by the three principal unionist parties in the United Kingdom Parliament to devolve more powers to the Scottish Parliament would be honoured; draft legislation was due to be published in January 2015.

14 September Sweden

At a general election the Swedish Social Democratic Party (SAP) won 113 seats in the Riksdag, according to preliminary results, thus bringing the total seats secured by parties of the left to 158. The parties of the governing centre-right Alliance coalition took 142 seats. Notably, the far-right, anti-immigration Sweden Democrats (which had secured 5.7% of votes at the 2010 election) won 12.9% of the votes cast to become the third largest party in the Riksdag with 49 seats. The Prime Minister, Fredrik Reinfeldt, resigned as premier and as leader of the Moderate Party the following day. Stefan Löfven, leader of the SAP, was expected to form a government.

11 September Montserrat

The recently formed People’s Democratic Movement (PDM), led by Donaldson Romeo, emerged victorious from the general election, winning 50.1% of the valid votes cast and seven of the nine seats in the Legislative Assembly. The ruling Movement for Change and Prosperity (MCAP) secured 35.3% of the valid ballot and the remaining two legislative seats. Outgoing Premier and MCAP leader Reuben Meade congratulated the PDM on its ‘clear election victory’. Romeo was sworn in as the new head of government on the following day.

9 September Poland

The Prime Minister and Chairman of Platforma Obywatelska (PO—Civic Platform), Donald Tusk, announced his resignation, owing to his appointment as President of the European Council with effect from December 2014. As stipulated by the Constitution, Tusk’s resignation prompted that of the entire cabinet. A new Government was expected to be formed under Ewa Kopacz of PO, subject to approval by the legislature. Kopacz had hitherto held the role of Marshal of the Sejm, the lower house of the Polish legislature.

8 September Iraq

A new Council of Ministers took office, having being approved by the Council of Representatives. Haidar al-Abadi, of the predominantly Shi‘a Muslim State of Law alliance, was confirmed as Prime Minister, while Hoshyar al-Zibari (a Kurd), Salih al-Mutlaq (a Sunni Muslim) and Baha Arraji (also Shi‘a) were each appointed as deputy premiers. Among the most notable ministerial appointments were those of Ibrahim al-Ja‘fari (the Prime Minister in 2005–06) as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rozh Nuri Shaways as Minister of Finance, and Adil Abd al-Mahdi as Minister of Oil. The defence and interior portfolios remained unallocated; al-Abadi was to retain responsibility for both pending the appointment of permanent ministers. Meanwhile, three Vice-Presidents were also selected: Nuri al-Maliki, who had served as Prime Minister in 2006–14, Ayad Allawi, the interim Prime Minister in 2004–05, and Osama al-Nujayfi, a former parliamentary speaker.

3 September Japan

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe carried out an extensive government reorganization, which included the appointment of five women to the 18-member Cabinet. Among the notable changes Midori Matsushima replaced Sadakazu Tanigaki as Minister of Justice; Sanae Takaichi replaced Yoshitaka Shindo as Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications; Yuko Obuchi replaced Toshimitsu Motegi as Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry; and Akinori Eto replaced Itsunori Onodera as Minister of Defence. In addition, several new portfolios were created including that of ‘promoting women’s active participation’ and another covering security legislation. Also of note was the acceptance of a cabinet position by Shigeru Ishiba, whose former post as Secretary-General of the Liberal Democratic Party was assumed by outgoing Minister of Justice Tanigaki.

28 August Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was sworn into office for a five-year term as President. At an election held on 10 August, former Prime Minister Erdoğan had received 51.8% of the valid votes cast, thus becoming the first Turkish head of state to be elected by direct universal suffrage. (Previous heads of state had been elected by the members of the legislature.) Following his inauguration, the new President appointed his successor as Chairman of the Justice and Development Party, outgoing Minister of Foreign Affairs Prof. Dr Ahmet Davutoğlu, as Prime Minister. A new Council of Ministers was approved by President Erdoğan on 29 August. Beşir Atalay and Emrullah İşler were replaced as deputy prime ministers by Yalçın Akdoğan and Numan Kurtulmuş. Davutoğlu was succeeded as Minister of Foreign Affairs by Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, previously the Minister of European Union Affairs, which post was allocated to Volkan Bozkır. Nurettin Canikli joined the Government as Minister of Customs and Trade. All other outgoing ministers retained their respective posts.

 


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