Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group



If you have an Athens user name and password, then please follow this Athens Authentication Point link, in order to enter.

Welcome to Europa World Plus

© BBC Photo Library

Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may now download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

New Zealand, 20 September 2014
Fiji, 17 September 2014
Sweden, 14 September 2014
Montserrat, 11 September 2014
Sint Maarten, 29 August 2014
Turkey, 10 August 2014
Slovenia, 13 July 2014
Indonesia, 9 July 2014

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

21 September Afghanistan

Following the signing of a power-sharing agreement by the two candidates for the presidency, Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai was appointed President-elect of Afghanistan. According to the agreement, Ashraf Ghani (a former Minister of Finance and World Bank official) was to govern in co-operation with a Chief Executive, to be nominated by his rival for the presidency, Dr Abdullah Abdullah. An inconclusive presidential election on 5 April, was followed by a run-off ballot, involving Ashraf Ghani and Dr Abdullah, on 14 June. Although provisional results released in July indicated that Ashraf Ghani had secured a majority, the results were rejected by Dr Abdullah, owing to credible allegations that widespread electoral fraud had taken place. Both candidates subsequently approved a UN-monitored election audit and agreed to enter negotiations on the formation of a government of national unity, following talks mediated by the US Secretary of State, John Kerry. Ashraf Ghani was sworn in as President on 29 September; Dr Abdullah was also sworn in as Chief Executive.

20 September New Zealand

A general election was held, at which the ruling National Party, which has presided over rapid growth in the national economy, won an overall majority of seats, securing a third successive term as Prime Minister for its leader John Key. According to official preliminary results, the National Party won 61 seats in the 121-member House of Representatives, while the Labour Party won 32, the Green Party 13 and New Zealand First 11. Despite the party’s outright majority, the first won by any party since a system of proportional representation was introduced in 1996, Key announced his intention to enter discussions with other parties to form another coalition government.

18 September United Kingdom

At a referendum held in Scotland on whether Scotland should become an independent country, separation from the United Kingdom was rejected by 55.3% of votes to 44.7%. The voting age was lowered, for the first time in the United Kingdom, to 16 years. Turnout, at 84.6%, was exceptionally high. The British Prime Minister, David Cameron, announced that commitments made during the campaign by the three principal unionist parties in the United Kingdom Parliament to devolve more powers to the Scottish Parliament would be honoured; draft legislation was due to be published in January 2015.

14 September Sweden

At a general election the Swedish Social Democratic Party (SAP) won 113 seats in the Riksdag, according to preliminary results, thus bringing the total seats secured by parties of the left to 158. The parties of the governing centre-right Alliance coalition took 142 seats. Notably, the far-right, anti-immigration Sweden Democrats (which had secured 5.7% of votes at the 2010 election) won 12.9% of the votes cast to become the third largest party in the Riksdag with 49 seats. The Prime Minister, Fredrik Reinfeldt, resigned as premier and as leader of the Moderate Party the following day. Stefan Löfven, leader of the SAP, was expected to form a government.

11 September Montserrat

The recently formed People’s Democratic Movement (PDM), led by Donaldson Romeo, emerged victorious from the general election, winning 50.1% of the valid votes cast and seven of the nine seats in the Legislative Assembly. The ruling Movement for Change and Prosperity (MCAP) secured 35.3% of the valid ballot and the remaining two legislative seats. Outgoing Premier and MCAP leader Reuben Meade congratulated the PDM on its ‘clear election victory’. Romeo was sworn in as the new head of government on the following day.

9 September Poland

The Prime Minister and Chairman of Platforma Obywatelska (PO—Civic Platform), Donald Tusk, announced his resignation, owing to his appointment as President of the European Council with effect from December 2014. As stipulated by the Constitution, Tusk’s resignation prompted that of the entire cabinet. A new Government was expected to be formed under Ewa Kopacz of PO, subject to approval by the legislature. Kopacz had hitherto held the role of Marshal of the Sejm, the lower house of the Polish legislature.

8 September Iraq

A new Council of Ministers took office, having being approved by the Council of Representatives. Haidar al-Abadi, of the predominantly Shi‘a Muslim State of Law alliance, was confirmed as Prime Minister, while Hoshyar al-Zibari (a Kurd), Salih al-Mutlaq (a Sunni Muslim) and Baha Arraji (also Shi‘a) were each appointed as deputy premiers. Among the most notable ministerial appointments were those of Ibrahim al-Ja‘fari (the Prime Minister in 2005–06) as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rozh Nuri Shaways as Minister of Finance, and Adil Abd al-Mahdi as Minister of Oil. The defence and interior portfolios remained unallocated; al-Abadi was to retain responsibility for both pending the appointment of permanent ministers. Meanwhile, three Vice-Presidents were also selected: Nuri al-Maliki, who had served as Prime Minister in 2006–14, Ayad Allawi, the interim Prime Minister in 2004–05, and Osama al-Nujayfi, a former parliamentary speaker.

3 September Japan

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe carried out an extensive government reorganization, which included the appointment of five women to the 18-member Cabinet. Among the notable changes Midori Matsushima replaced Sadakazu Tanigaki as Minister of Justice; Sanae Takaichi replaced Yoshitaka Shindo as Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications; Yuko Obuchi replaced Toshimitsu Motegi as Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry; and Akinori Eto replaced Itsunori Onodera as Minister of Defence. In addition, several new portfolios were created including that of ‘promoting women’s active participation’ and another covering security legislation. Also of note was the acceptance of a cabinet position by Shigeru Ishiba, whose former post as Secretary-General of the Liberal Democratic Party was assumed by outgoing Minister of Justice Tanigaki.


Back to Top

Please note, this site uses web standards that your browser does not support.
See help for further information.