Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group



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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Armenia, 2 April 2017
The Gambia, 6 April 2017
Bulgaria, 26 March 2017
Timor-Leste, 20 March 2017
The Netherlands, 15 March 2017
Ecuador, 19 February 2017 and 2 April 2017
Liechtenstein, 5 February 2017
Tobago, 23 January 2017

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

16 April 2017 Turkey

A package of 18 proposed amendments to the Constitution was approved at a national referendum. According to official results published on 27 April 2017, 51.4% of the valid votes cast were in favour of the amendments. Voter turnout was recorded at 85.4%. The amendments included, among others, the creation of an executive presidency, the abolition of the post of Prime Minister and the expansion of the legislature from 550 to 600 seats. Opponents of the reforms both within and outside of Turkey accused President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of attempting to concentrate power in his own hands at the expense of democracy.

23 April 2017 France

At the first round of the presidential election Emmanuel Macron, former Parti Socialiste (PS) Minister of Economy, Industry and the Digital Sector, who left the cabinet in 2016 in order to promote his new centrist movement, En Marche!, topped the poll, securing 24.0% of the valid votes cast. Marine Le Pen of the far-right, Eurosceptic and anti-immigration Front National (FN) came second with 21.3% of votes. François Fillon of Les Républicains, who was under investigation for having employed family members in roles alleged to be fictitious, secured 20.0% of votes, while the PS candidate, Benoît Hamon, garnered just 6.4%. Left-wing candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon of the new grouping La France Insoumise took 19.6% of votes. The second round, scheduled to be held on 7 May, would therefore be between Macron and Le Pen, who announced on 24 April that she was stepping aside as leader of the FN temporarily, in a move widely seen as an attempt to appeal to those who had voted for other candidates in the first round.

04 April 2017 Ecuador

According to official results, after 99.74% of the votes had been counted, Lenín Moreno of the governing left-wing Alianza País was the winner of the presidential run-off ballot held on 2 April. The Consejo Nacional Electoral declared that Moreno had garnered 51.16% of the valid votes cast, compared to 48.84% won by Guillermo Lasso of the centre-right Movimiento Creando Oportunidades/Movimiento Sociedad Unida Más Acción alliance. Lasso declared he would demand a recount of the results.

31 March 2017 Paraguay

During an extraordinary session of the Senate, in a closed office rather than in the chamber itself, 25 senators voted to allow presidential re-election. The move was seen as an attempt to allow President Horacio Cartes to run for a further term in office in 2018, despite the country’s Constitution prohibiting such a move. Those opposed to re-election claimed the vote amounted to a coup attempt. Protesters marched on Congress in response to the extraordinary session and during the ensuing clashes with police, the congressional building was set on fire and one person killed. Cartes condemned the violence and dismissed his interior minister, Tadeo Rojas, as well as the national chief of police and four police officers involved in the shooting. Further protests were expected following debate of the amendment in the lower house.

31 March 2017 South Africa

President Jacob Zuma announced a major reorganization of the Cabinet. Most notably, he dismissed Pravin Gordhan as Minister of Finance, appointing Malusi Gigaba (hitherto Minister of Home Affairs) to that position. The home affairs portfolio was assigned to Prof. Hlengiwe Mkhize, and a further eight ministers and 10 deputy ministers were replaced with the stated aim of the new administration being to effect ‘radical socio-economic transformation’. The Deputy President, Cyril Ramaphosa, described the removal of Gordhan as ‘totally unacceptable’, and several other senior figures within the ruling African National Congress party also publicly denounced the changes.

29 March 2017 United Kingdom

Prime Minister Theresa May began the process of Brexit by invoking Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon, which outlines the formal process for a country to withdraw from the European Union (EU). In a referendum held on 23 June 2016 some 51.9% of those who voted had favoured an exit from the Union, making the UK the first member state to decide to leave the organization. Under the terms of Article 50, the EU treaties would cease to apply to the UK either on successful completion of negotiations with the other 27 member states (operating as the European Council) or two years after notification of intention to leave the Union, unless the Council unanimously agreed to extend the deadline. The Government planned to introduce to Parliament a ‘Great Repeal Bill’, which would repeal the European Communities Act 1972—and thus stop EU legislation applying in the country—and would transfer current EU law into UK law. Meanwhile, on 28 March the Scottish Parliament voted (by 69 to 59) to request that a second referendum on Scotland’s independence be held before the finalization of Brexit.

26 March 2017 Bulgaria

Legislative elections took place. Preliminary results indicated that the centre-right Grazhdani za evropeysko razvitie na Balgariya (GERB—Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria), led by former Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, who had resigned in November 2016, had secured the largest proportion of the votes cast, with some 32.6%. The Balgarska Sotsialisticheska Partiya (BSP—Bulgarian Socialist Party), led by Korneliya Ninova since May 2016, was second-placed, with some 27.2% of the votes. Borisov was expected to attempt to form a new GERB-led coalition government.

22 March 2017 United Kingdom

In an apparent terrorist incident, a car being driven over Westminster Bridge in London ploughed into several groups of people on the pavement, three of whom were killed and several seriously injured. After crashing the car into railings close to the Houses of Parliament, the driver attacked and killed a police officer on duty outside Parliament before being shot dead by armed police.


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