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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Singapore, 11 September 2015
Trinidad and Tobago, 7 September 2015
Guatemala, 6 September 2015
Sri Lanka, 17 August 2015
Burundi (presidential), 21 July 2015
Burundi (legislative), 29 June 2015
Denmark, 18 June 2015
British Virgin Islands, 8 June 2015

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

25 September 2015 United Nations

A summit meeting of the UN General Assembly formally adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which had been formulated through an extensive three-year negotiating process. The Agenda incorporated a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals, with a further 169 specific targets, to address, inter alia, global poverty, health, inequality, environmental challenges and climate change over the next 15 years.

23 September 2015 Burkina Faso

Michel Kafando was reinstated as interim President, having been removed from that position in an attempted coup carried out on 16 September. On that date members of the Régiment de la Sécurité Présidentielle (RSP) had disrupted a cabinet meeting and detained Kafando and the Prime Minister, Lt-Col Yacouba Isaac Zida. The RSP, which contained elements loyal to former President Blaise Compaoré, who had been ousted in October 2014, announced the formation of a Conseil National pour la Démocratie (CND), headed by Gen. Gilbert Diendéré. The CND subsequently issued a statement confirming the dissolution of the existing transitional authorities and the removal from the presidency of Kafando. The coup was widely condemned by the international community, and on 18 September 2015 the African Union announced the suspension of Burkina Faso from that organization. The United Nations Security Council also deplored the ‘unconstitutional and forceful seizure of power’. On 22 September the President of the Conseil National de la Transition (the dissolved interim legislature), Chériff Moumina Sy, announced the disbandment of the RSP and decreed that all RSP members would henceforth fall under the command of the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces. The military issued a deadline to Diendéré to step down, and although this was missed, negotiations under the auspices of the Economic Community of West African States were successful in persuading Diendéré to relinquish power. According to local sources, clashes between protesters and the security forces following the coup resulted in the deaths of at least 10 people, while hundreds more had suffered injuries.

20 September 2015 Nepal

President Ram Baran Yadav promulgated the new Constitution of Nepal. Under the new charter Nepal was to remain a secular republic. The new bicameral legislature was to comprise a lower house with 275 members elected under a mixed electoral system, and a 45-member upper house, with 40 members elected by members of the new provincial assemblies and five members appointed by the President. The country was to be divided into seven federal provinces. On 16 September an overwhelming majority of members of the Constituent Assembly (507 out of 598 members) had voted in favour of the new Constitution. From June opponents of the draft Constitution mounted demonstrations in various parts of the country; some 40 people were killed during violent clashes with the security forces. Opposition to the Constitution was led by representatives of the Madhesi and Tharu ethnic groups, who disagreed especially with the demarcation of provinces, demanding instead a federal model based on ethnic identity. The process of drafting the new Constitution had commenced in 2008 with the election of a Constituent Assembly, but had subsequently been hindered by protracted political disputes and instability.

20 September 2015 Greece

Legislative elections took place, at which Synaspismos Rizospastikis Aristeras (SYRIZA—the Coalition of the Radical Left) secured 145 seats in the 300-seat Vouli (Parliament), according to preliminary results (four seats fewer than the 149 seats secured in the general election held in January, and six seats fewer than the 151 required to secure an overall majority). The centre-right Nea Demokratia (ND—New Democracy) was the second-placed party, with 75 seats. The following day SYRIZA leader Alexis Tsipras was sworn in as Prime Minister for the second time, one month after submitting his resignation amid divisions within SYRIZA over the austerity measures agreed with the European Union (EU) in order to qualify for a new bailout package. A new Government was to be formed, again in coalition with the small, right-wing Anexartitoi Ellines (Independent Greeks), which preliminary results indicated had secured 10 seats in the Vouli.

14 September 2015 Australia

Former party leader and cabinet minister Malcolm Turnbull successfully challenged the Prime Minister, Tony Abbott, for the leadership of the Liberal Party, winning a ballot of parliamentary members by 54 votes to 44. Abbott, who had survived a previous challenge to his leadership in February, was suffering poor poll ratings. Turnbull, who had been critical of Abbott’s economic leadership, was sworn in as Prime Minister at the head of the governing Liberal-National coalition and announced that there would be no early general election. His new Ministry, which retained Julie Bishop as Minister of Foreign Affairs and included the former Minister for Social Security as the new Treasurer, was sworn in on 21 September. Senator Marise Payne became the country’s first female Minister for Defence in a cabinet that included five women.

11 September 2015 Singapore

The ruling People’s Action Party (PAP), led by Lee Hsien Loong, won a decisive victory at the general election, taking 83 of the 89 parliamentary seats, while the opposition Workers’ Party won six seats. The PAP’s share of the vote increased from an historic low of 60% in 2011 to nearly 70%, following an effort by the Government to address voters’ concerns regarding immigration, inequality and public transport. The death in March of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s first Prime Minister, who governed for three decades, and the founder of the PAP, was also widely regarded as having contributed to the party’s success.

7 September 2015 Trinidad and Tobago

The opposition People’s National Movement (PNM) secured a majority in the general election, winning 23 of the 41 seats in the country’s House of Representatives. The ruling People’s Partnership coalition, led by Kamla Persad-Bissessar, Prime Minister since 2010, secured the remaining 18 seats. Jack Warner’s Independent Liberal Party failed to gain a seat. Keith Rowley, leader of the PNM, took office as Prime Minister on 9 September, and a new Cabinet was sworn in at the end of the week

6 September 2015 Guatemala

According to preliminary results, Jimmy Morales, the candidate of the Frente de Convergencia Nacional (and a well-known comedian and actor), garnered the most votes (23.9%) in the first round of the presidential election. Morales had campaigned on an anti-corruption platform and had benefited from a late increase in popularity following the resignation of incumbent President Otto Pérez Molina three days earlier following allegations of involvement in fraud at the country’s tax agency. Second-placed was Sandra Torres, again representing the Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza (UNE), with 19.7%, closely followed by the Libertad Democrática Renovada’s (LIDER) Manuel Baldizón, with 19.6%. A second round vote was scheduled for 25 October. The ruling Partido Patriota’s share of the vote in the concurrently held legislative elections fell from 26.3% to just 9.4%, again according to preliminary results. LIDER attracted 19.0% of the votes, followed by UNE with 14.8%.

25 August 2015 Turkey

The High Electoral Board formally announced that early legislative elections would take place on 1 November. This development followed the failure of talks between the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the three opposition parties over a coalition government, as prompted by the outcome of the parliamentary elections held on 7 June 2015. (The AKP had secured only 258 seats in the 550-seat Grand National Assembly.) The AKP Chairman and outgoing Prime Minister, Prof. Dr Ahmet Davutoğlu, had been formally appointed to lead coalition talks by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on 9 July. However, Davutoğlu was neither able to reach an agreement with another party, nor to form a minority AKP administration within the 45-day period mandated by the Constitution. On 25 August he was instructed by the President to form an interim government to oversee the upcoming elections.


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