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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Timor-Leste, 12 May 2018
Malaysia, 09 May 2018
Greenland, 24 April 2018
Paraguay, 22 April 2018
Montenegro, 15 April 2018
Azerbaijan, 11 April 2018
Hungary, 08 April 2018

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

20 May 2018 Venezuela

The Consejo Nacional Electoral declared Nicolás Maduro the winner of the presidential election. According to preliminary official results, Maduro, the incumbent head of state, attracted 67.7% of the valid votes cast. His nearest rival, opposition candidate Henri Falcón, won 21.1% of the votes. Falcón, who had defied an opposition boycott of the elections, and third-placed candidate, the evangelical pastor Javier Bertucci, both denounced the results, citing widespread irregularities in the electoral process. Before the vote, the international community, particularly Venezuela’s Latin American neighbours, had urged the Government to postpone the ballot until opposition parties agreed to participate and electoral transparency could be guaranteed, and warned that the results would not be recognized internationally. The rate of participation was much lower than in previous ballots, at just 46%.

12 May 2018 Timor-Leste

At legislative elections the opposition alliance the Aliança para Mudança e Progresso (AMP—Alliance for Change and Progress), comprising the Congresso Nacional da Reconstrução de Timor-Leste (CNRT—National Congress for the Reconstruction of Timor-Leste), the Partidu Libertasaun Popular (PLP—People’s Liberation Party) and the Kmanek Haburas Unidade Nasional Timor Oan (KHUNTO—Enriching the National Unity of the Sons of Timor), secured an outright majority, winning 35 of the 65 seats in the National Parliament. The Frente Revolucionária do Timor Leste Independente (Fretilin—Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor) won 23 seats, while the Frente de Desenvolvimento Democrático (Democratic Development Front) secured four and the three remaining seats were taken by the Partido Democrático (Democratic Party). The elections, which attracted a high turnout, were reported to have been conducted in a free and fair manner. It was widely expected that President Guterres would ask the independence hero and veteran politician Xanana Gusmão, the leader of the CNRT, to form a majority AMP government.

09 May 2018 Malaysia

The United Malays National Organization (UMNO), the leading constituent party of the Barisan Nasional (BN), which has governed Malaysia since the country was granted independence in 1957, was defeated at a general election by the main opposition alliance, Pakatan Harapan (PH), comprising the Parti Keadilan Rakyat, the Democratic Action Party, the Parti Amanah Negara and the Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (PPBM). The PH won a narrow outright majority, securing 113 of the 222 seats in the House of Representatives, while the BN garnered only 79 seats. Despite attempts by the defeated incumbent Najib Razak to resist conceding power, veteran politician and leader of the PPBM Mahathir Mohamad was sworn in as Prime Minister on 10 May and commenced the formation of a new Government a few days later. Among the notable new appointees were Lim Guan Eng as Minister of Finance, and Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, the President of the PKR, as the country’s first female Deputy Prime Minister. Wan Azizah is the wife of the jailed politician Anwar Ibrahim, who received a swift royal pardon and to whom Mahathir had agreed to pass the premiership within three years. Meanwhile, assuming responsibility for his party’s historic electoral defeat, on 12 May Najib Razak resigned from his posts as President of UMNO and Chairman of the BN.

08 May 2018 Armenia

The National Assembly voted to elect Nikol Pashinyan, of the Yelq Dashinq (Exit Alliance) as Prime Minister, having failed do so in an initial round of voting on 1 May. Pashinyan’s election followed several weeks of protest demonstrations in the capital city, Yerevan, led by Pashinyan, and nationwide, that had ensued after the former President, Serzh Sargsyan, had been installed as Prime Minister with substantially enhanced powers, on 17 April. (He had resigned on 23 April.) Proposals on the formation of a new Government and on its eventual policy programme were to be presented to the National Assembly, in which the Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun (Republican Party of Armenia) of Sargsyan held a majority of seats, later in May.

22 April 2018 Paraguay

Mario Abdo Benítez of the ruling Partido Colorado won the presidential election, according to preliminary results released by the Tribunal Superior de Justicia Electoral. With 99.67% of the votes counted, Abdo Benítez led with 46.44% of the ballot. His main challenger, Efraín Alegre of the centre-left opposition coalition Gran Alianza Nacional Renovada (Alianza Ganar), won 42.74% of the vote, a larger share than expected, but insufficient to end the Partido Colorado’s rule. The new President was scheduled to take office on 15 August.

20 April 2018 Kyrgyzstan

The Supreme Council approved the appointment of a new Government led by Mukhmammetakaly Abulgagziyev, a close ally of President Sooronbai Jeenbekov, as Prime Minister. The President had dismissed the Government of Sapar Isakov on 19 April 2018, after it lost a legislative vote of no confidence, presented by opposition deputies, but also supported by the dominant Kyrgyzstandyn Sotsial-Demokratiyalyk Partiyasy (KSDP—Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan). Several of the ministers in the outgoing Government were re-appointed, although new appointments were made to several ministries, among them those of Justice, the Economy, and Internal Affairs. The vote of no confidence followed the dismissal by Jeenbekov of several officials in the security and judicial sectors, including Prosecutor-General Indira Joldubaeva, which was reported to reflect growing tensions within different factions of the KSDP, of which former President, Almazbek Atambayev, had recently been elected leader.

19-20 April 2018 The Commonwealth

The 2018 session of the biennial Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) was convened in London, United Kingdom. The meeting adopted a Commonwealth Blue Charter, enshrining Commonwealth principles to guide the future governance and sustainable management and protection of the world's oceans, and a Cyber Declaration, which focused on strengthening collective cybersecurity capabilities. An agreement was reached among Commonwealth leaders that in due course Prince Charles, the British heir apparent, should succeed Queen Elizabeth II as the Head of the Commonwealth.

19 April 2018 Cuba

The new National Assembly of People’s Power, elected in March, convened for the first time. The legislature voted to elect a successor to Raúl Castro, head of state since 2008. As expected, the First Vice-President, Miguel Díaz-Canel (who was the only candidate) was chosen to assume presidency of the Council of State and of the Council of Ministers. Salvador Antonio Valdés Mesa took over as First Vice-President of both Councils, while the membership of the rest of the Council of State was also renewed. It was announced that a new Council of Ministers would be appointed in July. The 86-year-old Castro remained as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and leader of the Communist Party of Cuba.


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