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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Mexico, 1 July 2018
Cook Islands, 14 June 2018
Slovenia, 3 June 2018
Colombia, 27 May and 17 June 2018
Barbados, 24 May 2018
Venezuela, 20 May 2018
Timor-Leste, 12 May 2018

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

14 July 2018 Haiti

The Prime Minister, Jack Guy Lafontant, announced his resignation. Lafontant’s departure from office came after several days of violent protests across Haiti in response to the announcement, on 6 July, that fuel subsidies were to be reduced. The Government proposed that the rise in prices was necessary in order to reallocate funding for education and health, and that the measure was in line with a recommendation from the International Monetary Fund, with whom it wanted to reach a long term funding agreement. The rioting that followed the announcement left at least four people dead, and had led to calls for a vote of no confidence in Lafontant in the legislature.

11 July 2018 Czech Republic

A new, minority Government, led by Andrej Babiš, the leader of the populist party ANO (YES), received legislative approval after taking office in late June. The Government, which comprised members of both ANO and the Česká Strana Sociálně Demokratická (Czech Social Democratic Party), had been installed after a long period of political uncertainty following legislative elections in October 2017.

1 July 2018 Mexico

Andrés Manuel López Obrador was declared de facto President-elect following the preliminary results of the presidential election. López Obrador, representing the left-wing alliance Juntos Haremos Historia, comprising the Movimiento Regeneración Nacional, the Partido Encuentro Social and the Partido del Trabajo, won almost 53.0% of the votes, well ahead of his nearest rival, Ricardo Anaya Cortés of a coalition led by the Partido Acción Nacional. The candidate of the ruling Partido Revolucionario Institucional, former finance minister José Antonio Meade Kuribreña, won only 16.4% of the votes. López Obrador’s victory marked the first time that the presidency had been secured by a candidate not from one of the three traditional parties. The new head of state was scheduled to take office on 1 December.

24 June 2018 Turkey

Concurrent elections for the presidency and parliament took place. At the presidential election, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was returmed to office at the first round of voting. According to final results published by the High Electoral Board on 4 July, Erdoğan secured 52.6% of the valid votes cast, while his nearest rival, Muharrem İnce of the opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), took 30.6%. Selahattin Demirtaş, the imprisoned candidate of the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP), won 8.4% and Meral Akşener, the leader of the newly formed İyi Party, received 7.3%. Two other candidates received less than 1.0% each. At the parliamentary elections, President Erdoğan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) retained the largest representation, with 295 of the 600 seats in an expanded Grand National Assembly. The CHP won 146 seats, while the Nationalist Action Party (MHP—which contested the election in alliance with the AKP) took 49 seats. The HDP and the İyi Party also surpassed the 10% threshold to obtain representation, winning 67 seats and 43 seats, respectively. Turnout for both elections was recorded at 86.2%. Erdoğan was sworn in for a five-year term on 9 July, thus prompting the enactment of several constitutional reforms approved in 2017, including the abolition of the post of Prime Minister in favour of an executive presidency with extensive powers.

22 June 2018 Timor-Leste

President Francisco Guterres Lú Olo swore in the new Government with former President Taur Matan Ruak as Prime Minister. However, the Council of Ministers was not complete since President Guterres refused to swear in 11 ministers nominated by the Aliança para Mudança e Progresso (Alliance of Change for Progress), which had won the general election on 12 May 2018, on the grounds that they were subject to investigations relating to allegations of corruption. On 9 July Filomeno Paixão, who was originally prevented from taking up his portfolio, was inaugurated as Minister of Defence and subsequently Taur Matan Ruak announced that he had agreed to remove two ministers from the nominated list. Discussions between the President and the Prime Minister concerning the remaining portfolios were ongoing.

17 June 2018 Colombia

Iván Duque, of the centre-right Centro Democrático, emerged victorious from the second round of the presidential election, winning 54.0% of the valid votes cast. Gustavo Petro, the former guerrilla and ex-mayor of Bogotá, attracted 41.8% of the valid ballot. Petro, the first left-wing candidate to reach the second round of a presidential ballot in Colombia, conceded defeat following the poll, which Duque won with a record number of votes. Duque, a protégé of former President Alvaro Uribe, had pledged to revise the 2016 peace agreement with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia to prioritize victims’s rights over those of the former guerrillas, as well as to implement business-friendly policies to boost economic growth.

14 June 2018 Egypt

A new Cabinet was sworn in by President Abd al-Fatah al-Sisi. Mostafa Madbouly, who had served as the Minister of Housing and Urban Development in the outgoing administration of Sherif Ismail, was confirmed as Prime Minister. Most notable among the new appointees were Mohamed Ahmed Zaki, who replaced Col Gen. Sidki Sobhi Sayed Ahmed as Minister of Defence, Mahmoud Tawfik, who became Minister of the Interior, and Mohamed Maait, who was promoted to Minister of Finance, having previously been a deputy in that ministry.

14 June 2018 Jordan

A new Government, under Omar al-Razzaz as Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, was sworn in to office by King Abdullah bin al-Hussein. Rajai Muasher became Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of State, while Ezzedine Kanakrieh succeeded Omar Malhas as Minister of Finance. The outgoing Ministers of Foreign and Expatriate Affairs and of the Interior both retained their portfolios. The appointment of a new cabinet followed the resignation of Hani Mulki as Prime Minister in early June, amid large-scale protests in the capital, Amman, and other cities against his Government’s economic policies.


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