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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may now download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Slovenia, 13 July 2014
Indonesia, 9 July 2014
Mauritania, 21 June 2014
Afghanistan, 14 June 2014
Antigua and Barbuda, 12 June 2014
Kosovo, 8 June 2014
Syria, 3 June 2014
Egypt, 26 to 28 May 2014

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

22 July Israel/Palestinian Territories

The UN Human Rights Council adopted, by 29 votes to one, a resolution calling for an official, independent investigation into allegations that Israel had violated international humanitarian and human rights laws during its recent military operations in the Gaza Strip. At least 710 Palestinians and 30 Israelis were reported to have been killed since Israel began a campaign of airstrikes against Palestinian militant organizations in Gaza on 7 July, in response to the firing of missiles into Israeli territory by Palestinian militant organizations, principally including the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas). The outcome of the vote was criticized by Israel’s Prime Minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, as ‘a travesty of justice`’’, while the USA (which had opposed the resolution) also condemned the decision. The vote followed an escalation of the conflict on 17 July, when Israeli armed forces commenced a military incursion into the Gaza Strip, with the stated aims of preventing missiles from being fired, and of destroying tunnels used by militant groups to transport weapons illegally into and out of Gaza.

22 July Indonesia

The election commission declared Joko Widodo, the reformist former Governor of Jakarta, the winner of the closely contested presidential election of 9 July, defeating the only other contender, the former general Prabowo Subianto by 53.2% to 46.9% of the votes cast. Following an acrimonious campaign, in which Widodo’s early substantial poll lead had been eroded by Subianto’s well-funded and highly organized campaign, both candidates had initially declared victory. Shortly before the official release of the election results, Subianto announced his intention to challenge them on the grounds of fraud, although analysts considered the elections to have been conducted fairly. Widodo’s record in government and his position as the first leader from outside the establishment to be elected to the presidency have raised expectations that he will be prepared to implement much-needed economic reforms. He will take office in October.

7 July Afghanistan

The Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan released preliminary results of the presidential election run-off poll that was held on 14 June. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai (a former Minister of Finance and World Bank official) was allocated 56.4% of the valid votes cast, while his opponent, Dr Abdullah Abdullah (leader of the National Coalition of Afghanistan), gained 43.6%. However, Dr Abdullah rejected the preliminary results outright, alleging that widespread electoral fraud had taken place—a stance that provoked serious concerns about the prospects for a peaceful transfer of presidential power. The run-off poll followed an election on 5 April in which no candidate had secured the required 50% or more of the vote. Following negotiations in Kabul led by US Secretary of State John Kerry, on 12 July both candidates approved a comprehensive, UN-monitored vote recount and pledged to participate in a government of national unity following the release of the final results.

21 June Mauritania

At a presidential election the incumbent Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz won a further five-year term of office with 81.9% of the votes cast. His nearest rival, Biram Ould Dah Ould Ebeid, won 8.7% of the votes, while none of the other three candidates secured more than 4.5%. According to the Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante, some 56.5% of the registered electorate participated in the poll. However, many of the main opposition parties boycotted the election.

19 June Spain

Crown Prince Felipe was sworn in as head of state, as King Felipe VI, after acceding to the throne at midnight. He took office following the abdication of his father, King Juan Carlos, who had been head of state since 1975, after the death of Gen. Franco. Support for the monarchy in Spain had fallen in recent years, owing to corruption scandals involving the royal family and the perception that King Juan Carlos enjoyed a lavish lifestyle during the financial crisis. Demonstrations were held in towns and cities earlier in June, when King Juan Carlos announced his intention to abdicate, by protesters demanding a referendum on the monarchy.

15 June Colombia

According to results from the Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil, the second round of the presidential election was won by incumbent head of state Juan Manuel Santos. Santos, representing the Unidad Nacional coalition, comprising his Partido de la U, as well as the Partido Liberal Colombiano and the Cambio Radical, won 51.0% of the valid votes cast. His challenger, Oscar Iván Zuluaga of the right-wing Centro Democrático (formed by former President Alvaro Uribe) attracted 45.0% of the valid votes, less than opinion polls had predicted following Zuluaga’s success in the first round ballot held on 25 May. Santos’s victory was seen as an endorsement by voters of the President’s ongoing peace negotiations with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) rebels.

13 June Antigua and Barbuda

Gaston Browne, leader of the Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party (ABLP), was sworn in as the new Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda, following his party’s success in the general election of 12 June 2014. The ABLP won a landslide victory over the United Progressive Party (UPP), securing 14 of the 17 seats in the House of Representatives. The UPP, which had been seeking a third term in office under its leader Baldwin Spencer, won the remaining three seats.

3 June Egypt

Former Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and Minister of Defence Abd al-Fatah al-Sisi was confirmed as the winner of the presidential election held on 26–28 May 2014. According to the final results published by the Presidential Election Commission, al-Sisi secured an overwhelming victory, winning some 96.9% of valid votes cast. His sole opponent, Hamdeen Sabbahi, took just 3.1%. Voter turnout was recorded at 47.5%.

3 June Syria

At Syria’s first-ever multi-candidate presidential election, the incumbent, Bashar al-Assad, secured an overwhelming victory and a further seven-year term of office. Final results published by the Supreme Constitutional Court on 4 June confirmed that Assad—who had assumed office in 2000, following the death of his father, President Hafiz al-Assad—took some 92.2% of the valid votes cast. His two opponents, Hassan Abdullah al-Nouri and Maher Abd al-Hafiz Najjar, won 4.5% and 3.3% of the vote, respectively. The rate of participation was recorded at 73.4% of eligible voters. However, amid the ongoing civil conflict between forces loyal to Assad and opposition groups opposed to his continued rule, the poll was conducted only in those areas of the country that were controlled by the Government.


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