Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group
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The Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called 'dirty war' between the military regime and its opponents between 1976 and 1983 remained politically sensitive in the early 21st century. In 2001 economic disaster forced Fernando de la Rúa of the Unión Cívica Radical to resign as President. He was replaced by a succession of Presidents prior to the election of Peronist Néstor Kirchner in 2003. He was succeeded by his wife, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, in 2007. In 2015 Peronist rule came to an end with the election of Mauricio Macri to the presidency. Argentina’s capital is Buenos Aires. The language is Spanish.

Area and Population

Area: 2,780,403 sq km
Population (1 July 2017): 44,044,811
Population density (1 July 2017): 16.0 per sq km
Life expectancy (years at birth, 2015): 76.3 (males 72.7; females 79.9)


GDP in current prices (World Bank estimates, 2015): US $584,711m. ($13,467 per head)
Real GDP growth (provisional, 2016): –2.2%
Inflation (Buenos Aires metropolitan area, average change in consumer prices, 12 months to April 2017): 15.0%
Currency: new peso

Government and Politics

Head of State: President Mauricio Macri
Head of Government: President Mauricio Macri
Last election: Legislative (mid-term), 22 October 2017
Next election: Legislative and presidential, due October 2019



Citation: Argentina, in Europa World online. London, Routledge. Retrieved 19 February 2018 from

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