Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group
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The Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called 'dirty war' between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 remained politically sensitive in the early 21st century. In 2001 economic disaster forced Fernando de la Rúa of the Unión Cívica Radical to resign as President. He was replaced by a succession of Presidents prior to the election of Peronist Néstor Kirchner in 2003. He was succeeded by his wife, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, in 2007. In 2015 the opposition candidate, Mauricio Macri, won the presidency. Argentina’s capital is Buenos Aires. The language is Spanish.

Area and Population

Area: 2,780,403 sq km
Population (1 July 2015): 43,131,966
Population density (1 July 2015): 15.5 per sq km
Life expectancy (years at birth, 2013): 76.2 (males 72.6; females 79.9)


GDP in current prices (World Bank estimates, 2013): US $609,889m. ($14,715 per head)
Real GDP growth (2014): 0.5%
Inflation (Buenos Aires metropolitan area, average change in consumer prices, 2013): 10.6%
Currency: new peso

Government and Politics

Head of State: President Cristina E. Fernández de Kirchner
Head of Government: President Cristina E. Fernández de Kirchner
Last election: Presidential (second round), 22 November 2015
Next election: Legislative (mid-term), October 2017



Citation: Argentina, in Europa World online. London, Routledge. Retrieved 28 November 2015 from

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