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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Recent elections

Cabo Verde, 18 April 2021
Cayman Islands, 14 April 2021
Benin, 11 April 2021
Ecuador, 11 April 2021
Peru, 11 April 2021
Djibouti, 9 April 2021
Greenland, 6 April 2021
Bulgaria, 4 April 2021

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

20 April 2021 Chad

It was announced on state television that President Marshall Idriss Deby Itno, head of state since 1990, had been killed in northern Chad while visiting troops combating rebel forces intent on overthrowing his regime. On the previous day Deby had been provisionally confirmed as having secured his sixth term of office after the Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante released results of the presidential election held on 11 April, according to which Deby had received 79.3% of the valid votes cast. Immediately following Deby’s death, the Government and the National Assembly were dissolved, and a 15-member Conseil Militaire de Transition (Transitional Military Council), headed by Deby’s son, Gen. Mahamat Idriss Deby, was installed to govern the country for a period of no longer than 18 months.

15 April 2021 Benin

Patrice Talon was declared the overwhelming victor of a presidential election held on 11 April, securing a second term as head of state. According to provisional results released by the Constitutional Court, Talon took 86.3% of the valid votes cast, while his two challengers, Alassane Soumanou and Corentin Kohoué, were attributed 11.4% and 2.3%, respectively. The rate of voter participation was officially recorded at 50.6% of the registered electorate.

11 April 2021 Ecuador

According to results from the Consejo Nacional Electoral, after more than 98% of the votes had been counted, Guillermo Lasso of the right-wing Movimiento CREO won the second round of the presidential election. Lasso attracted 52.4% of the valid votes cast, while Andrés Arauz of the left-wing Unión por la Esperanza won 47.6% of the ballot. Arauz, the protegé of former President Rafael Correa, conceded defeat following the release of the results. Lasso, contesting the presidency for a third time, had pledged if elected to maintain the financing agreement with the International Monetary Fund agreed by outgoing President Lení Moreno, which had imposed unpopular austerity measures on the population in order to reduce the fiscal deficit. Lasso also promised to accelerate the country’s lacklustre COVID-19 vaccination programme. The new President was scheduled to take office on 24 May.

11 April 2021 Peru

In the first round of the presidential election, left-wing candidate Pedro Castillo of the Perú Libre party attracted the most votes. According to official preliminary results, after 98.2% of the votes had been counted, Castillo won 19.1% of the ballot. Keiko Fujimori, representing Fuerza Popular, came second with 13.4% of the votes. Yonhy Lescano of the centrist liberal Acción Popular, who had been expected to be placed first, came fifth with 9.1%. The two leading candidates were to contest a run-off ballot on 6 June. In concurrently held legislative polls, no party won a majority of the 130 seats.

10 April 2021 Djibouti

According to provisional results of the presidential election held on 9 April released by the Ministry of the Interior, the incumbent head of state, Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, was decisively re-elected for a fifth term of office with 97.4% of the valid votes cast. His sole challenger, Zakaria Ismaèl Farah, took 2.6%. Some 82.2% of the eligible electorate participated in the ballot.

5 April 2021 Viet Nam

The National Assembly (parliament) elected Pham Minh Chinh as Prime Minister, replacing Nguyen Xuan Phuc, who was elected to the largely ceremonial role of President. Nguyen Phu Trong had been elected for an unprecedented third term as General Secretary of the Communist Party at the 13th National Congress in January 2021. The fourth pillar of Viet Nam’s leadership is the Chairman of the National Assembly; Vuong Dinh Hue was appointed to this position at the end of March.

1 April 2021 Bhutan

Minister of Home Affairs Sherub Gyeltshen resigned after the Supreme Court upheld a High Court judgement against him. In March 2021 the High Court had sentenced Gyeltshen to two months’ imprisonment following his conviction on charges of submitting a false vehicle insurance claim in 2016.

31 March 2021 Hong Kong

Changes to two annexes to the Basic Law (constitution) of Hong Kong took effect, amending the selection of the Chief Executive and the Legislative Council (LegCo). The amendments to the electoral system were unanimously adopted by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China on 30 March. The Election Committee, which selects the Chief Executive, was expanded from 1,200 to 1,500 members and positions on the Committee that had been held by directly elected district councillors were abolished. Its remit was extended to returning 40 members of the enlarged (from 70 to 90) LegCo and it was also to participate in the nominations of all LegCo candidates, who will, in addition, be vetted by a new screening committee to ensure that only ‘patriots’ contest elections. The number of members directly elected by geographical constituencies was reduced from 35 to 20 and the remaining 30 members were to be determined by functional constituencies (comprising professional and special interest groups).


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