Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group
 
 

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Publisher: Juliet Love
Senior Editor, Statistics: Philip McIntyre
Senior Editor, Directory: Iain Frame
Regional Editors: Imogen Gladman, Cathy Hartley, Dominic Heaney, Christopher Matthews, Jackie West
International Organizations Editor: Helen Canton
Contributing Editors:Catriona Holman, Susan Leckey, Katharine Murison, Jillian O’Brien, Gareth Vaughan, Gareth Wyn Jones
Editorial Assistant: Lucy Pritchard
Statistics Researchers: Mohd Khalid Ansari (Team Leader), Syed Zaki Mehdi (Senior Researcher), Akansha Gusain, Divya Rathor
Directory Editorial Researchers: Arijit Khasnobis (Team Manager), Surabhi Srivastava (Team Leader), Aditi Kapoor, Birendra Pratap Nayak, Payal Singhal (Senior Editorial Researchers), Satabdi Chakraborty, Richa Chhabra, Vani Devraj, Manmeet Kaur, Waqar Momin, Amita Pandey, Megha Rawat
Biographical Editorial Researchers: Denize Rodricks (Senior Team Leader), Shubha Banerjee (Team Leader), Saumya Bhasin (Senior Editorial Researcher), Khushboo Kumar, Aakanksha Saklani, Sreerupa Sen (Editorial Researchers)
Contributors: Christopher Bell, Rebecca Bomford, Vera Browne, Katie Dawson, Lucy Dean, Driss Fatih, Nicola Gollan, Kirstie Hughes, Meena Khan, Catriona Marcham
Editorial Director: Paul Kelly

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Acknowledgements: Statistical Data

The editors gratefully acknowledge particular indebtedness for permission to reproduce material from the following sources: the United Nations’ statistical databases and Demographic Yearbook, Statistical Yearbook and Monthly Bulletin of Statistics; the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s Institute for Statistics database; the Human Development Report of the United Nations Development Programme; the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ statistical database; the statistical databases of the World Health Organization; the statistical databases of the UNCTAD/WTO International Trade Centre; the International Labour Office’s statistical database; the World Bank’s statistical databases, especially the World Development Indicators database, and the World Development Report; the International Monetary Fund’s statistical database, International Financial Statistics and Government Finance Statistics Yearbook; the World Tourism Organization’s Tourism Highlights,2020 edition and Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, 2018 edition, UNWTO, Madrid (copyright UNWTO 92844/05/19); the US Geological Survey; the International Telecommunication Union; Lloyd's List; and The Military Balance 2021, a publication of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Arundel House, 6 Temple Place, London WC2R 2PG. Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada. Users are forbidden to copy this material and/or redisseminate the data, in an original or modified form, for commercial purposes, without the expressed permission of Statistics Canada. Information on the availability of the wide range of data from Statistics Canada can be obtained from Statistics Canada’s Regional Offices, its website at www.statcan.gc.ca, and its toll-free access number 1-800-263-1136.

Health and Welfare: Sources and Definitions

Total fertility rate: Source WHO Statistical Information System (part of the Global Health Observatory). The number of children that would be born per woman, assuming no female mortality at child-bearing ages and the age-specific fertility rates of a specified country and reference period.
Under-5 mortality rate: Source WHO Statistical Information System. Defined by WHO as the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before the age of five, if subject to the age-specific mortality rates of that year or period.
HIV/AIDS: Source UNAIDS. Estimated percentage of adults aged 15 to 49 years living with HIV/AIDS. < indicates ‘fewer than’.
Domestic health expenditure: Source: WHO Global Health Expenditure database. Covering the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities and nutrition activities. Public sources include domestic revenue as internal transfers and grants, transfers, subsidies to voluntary health insurance beneficiaries, non-profit institutions serving households (NPISH) or enterprise financing schemes as well as compulsory prepayment and social health insurance contributions. External grants or loans for health care, provided by international agencies and other national authorities, are not included.
US $ per head (PPP): International dollar estimates at 2011. The sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population.
% of GDP: The share of current domestic general government resources used to fund health expenditures, given as a percentage of the economy as measured by gross domestic product (GDP).
Public expenditure % of total current expenditure: Share of current health expenditures funded from general government sources, social health insurance and compulsory prepayment.
Access to water and sanitation: Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme on Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) (Progress on Household Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, 2000-2017). Defined in terms of the percentage of the population using improved facilities in terms of the type of technology and levels of service afforded. For water, this includes house connections, public standpipes, boreholes with handpumps, protected dug wells, protected spring and rainwater collection; allowance is also made for other locally defined technologies. Sanitation is defined to include connection to a sewer or septic tank system, pour-flush latrine, simple pit or ventilated improved pit latrine, again with allowance for acceptable local technologies. Access to water and sanitation does not imply that the level of service or quality of water is `adequate' or `safe'.
Carbon dioxide emissions: Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators database, citing the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (sponsored by the US Department of Energy). Emissions comprise those resulting from the burning of fossil fuels (including those produced during consumption of solid, liquid and gas fuels and from gas flaring) and from the manufacture of cement.
Human Development Index: Source: UNDP, Human Development Report (2020). A summary of human development measured by three basic dimensions: prospects for a long and healthy life, measured by life expectancy at birth; access to knowledge, measured by a combination of mean years of schooling for adults and expected years of schooling for children; and standard of living, measured by GNI per head (PPP US $). The index value obtained lies between zero and one. A value above 0.800 indicates very high human development, between 0.700 and 0.799 high human development, between 0.550 and 0.699 medium human development and below 0.550 low human development. A centralized data source for all three dimensions was not available for all countries. In some cases other data sources were used to calculate a substitute value; however, this was excluded from the ranking. Other countries, including non-UNDP members, were excluded from the HDI altogether. In total, 189 countries were ranked for 2019.

Europa World Plus contributors

Africa South of the Sahara
Central and South-Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia
The Far East and Australasia
The Middle East and North Africa
South America, Central America and the Caribbean
South Asia
The USA and Canada
Western Europe

Africa South of the Sahara

Alexandre Abreu. Researcher, Centre of African and Development Studies, University of Lisbon, Portugal.
J. A. Allan. Former Professor of Geography, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
L. Berry. Former Professor of Geography, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
E. A. Boateng. Environmental consultant and educationalist.
George M. Bob-Milliar. Senior Lecturer, Department of History and Political Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Sir Mervyn Brown. Former British Ambassador to Madagascar. Member, Académie Malgache.
Anna Bruzzone. Stipendiary Lecturer in European and World History, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Marisé Castro. Researcher, Amnesty International, International Secretariat, London, United Kingdom.
Tony Chafer. Professor of Contemporary French Area Studies and Director of the Centre for European and International Studies, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
Christopher Clapham. Centre of African Studies, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
John I. Clarke. Professor of Geography, University of Durham, United Kingdom.
Julian Cooke. Editor of the Anglo-Malagasy Society Newsletter.
Sylvia Croese. Research Officer, African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Devon Curtis. Lecturer in Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Bjorn Dahlin van Wees. Economist specializing in sub-Saharan Africa.
Juan Fandos-Rius. Encyclopaedist and historian of the Central African Republic.
Sheereen Fauzel. Researcher, PhD in Development Economics, University of Mauritius, Mauritius.
Marie Gibert. Visiting Fellow, Centre for European and International Studies Research, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
Solomon M. Gofie. Associate Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Pierre Gourou. Late Professor of Geography, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, and Collège de France, Paris, France.
Stephen Harmon. Professor of History, Pittsburg State University, Kansas, USA.
R. J. Harrison Church. Late Professor of Geography, London School of Economics, United Kingdom.
Celeste Hicks. Journalist specializing in the Sahel region and former British Broadcasting Corporation correspondent in Chad and Mali.
David Hilling. Research adviser, University of Greenwich, United Kingdom.
A. MacGregor Hutcheson. Former Lecturer in Geography, Aberdeen College of Education, United Kingdom.
Abdourahmane Idrissa. Assistant Professor, African Studies Centre, Leiden University, Netherlands, and Humboldt Researcher, University of Göttingen, Germany.
Michael Jennings. Senior Lecturer in International Development, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Warka Solomon Kahsay. Saint Francis Xavier University, Antogonish, Canada.
George Kay. Head of the Department of Geography and Recreation Studies, Staffordshire University, United Kingdom.
Fred van der Kraaij. Economist specializing in Liberia and the Western Sahel.
B. W. Langlands. Late Professor of Geography, Makerere University College, Kampala, Uganda.
I. M. Lewis. Emeritus Professor of Anthropology, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom.
Robert E. Looney. International consultant specializing in economic development and Distinguished Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, USA.
Akin L. Mabogunje. Former Professor of Geography, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Hugh Macmillan. Research Associate, African Studies Centre, University of Oxford.
Giuseppe Maimone. Adjunct Professor, Department of Political Sciences and International Relations, University of Palermo, Italy.
Albert Makochekanwa. Lecturer, Department of Economics, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.
Zoë Marriage. Reader in Development Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Paul Melly. Journalist specializing in francophone Africa and Associate Fellow of the Africa Programme at the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), United Kingdom.
Peter K. Mitchell. Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Centre of West African Studies, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Ticky Monekosso. Journalist and researcher specializing in human rights, development issues and related humanitarian affairs in Africa, and founder of [email protected]
W. T. W. Morgan. Former Senior Lecturer, Department of Geography, University of Durham, United Kingdom.
Gregory Mthembu-Salter. Research Associate, South African Institute of International Affairs.
Katharine Murison. Former Editor of Africa South of the Sahara.
René Pélissier. Author specializing in contemporary Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking Africa.
Luca Raineri. Research Fellow in Security Studies, Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
Christopher Saunders. Emeritus Professor, Department of Historical Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Boopen Seetanah. Professor, Co-Chair of the WTO Chair Programme and Director of Research at the International Centre for Sustainable Tourism and Hospitality, University of Mauritius, Mauritius.
Gerhard Seibert. Associate Researcher, Centre for International Studies, ISCTE—Lisbon University Institute, Portugal.
Max Siollun. Historian and author specializing in Nigeria’s political and military history.
Sishuwa Sishuwa. Lecturer in African History, University of Zambia, Zambia.
Miles Smith-Morris. Writer specializing in developing countries.
Donald L. Sparks. Emeritus Professor of International Economics, The Citadel, Charleston, South Carolina, USA, and Lecturer in International Business and Law, Management Centre Innsbruck, Austria.
Leighann Spencer. PhD candidate, Charles Sturt University, Australia, and Tutor in Justice Studies, La Trobe University, Australia.
David Styan. Department of Politics, Birkbeck, University of London, United Kingdom.
Ian Taylor. Professor of International Relations, University of St Andrews, United Kingdom.
Virginia Thompson. Writer specializing in francophone Africa.
Helen Ware. Professor of Peace Studies, School of Humanities, University of New England, Armidale, Australia.
Jörg Wiegratz. Lecturer in Political Economy of Global Development, School of Politics and International Studies, University of Leeds, United Kingdom.
Geoffrey J. Williams. Former Professor of Geography, University of Zambia.
Paul D. Williams. Professor, Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.
Duncan Woodside. Journalist and analyst specializing in economics and conflict in the Great Lakes of Africa.
Ralph Young. Former Senior Lecturer, Department of Government, University of Manchester, United Kingdom.

Central and South-Eastern Europe

Othon Anastasakis. Senior Research Fellow in South European Studies, Director of South East European Studies, University of Oxford, St Antony’s College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Daunis Auers. Associate Professor of Comparative Politics, University of Latvia, Rīga, Latvia, and President, Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
Will Bartlett. Visiting Senior Fellow at the South East Europe Research Unit, London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, United Kingdom.
Dimitar Bechev. Non-resident Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council.
Florian Bieber. Professor of Southeast European History and Politics and Director of the Centre for Southeast European Studies, University of Graz, Austria; Co-ordinator, Balkans in Europe Policy Advisory Group (BiEPAG).
Daniela Bobeva. Professor at the University of Finance, Business and Entrepreneurship, Sofia, Bulgaria.
Ioannis Bournakis. Senior Lecturer in economics, University of Middlesex, United Kingdom.
Cathie Carmichael. Professor of European History, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom.
Daniel Dăianu. Professor of Economics at the National School of Political Studies and Public Administration in Bucharest, Romania, and President of the Romanian Fiscal Council.
Indra Ekmanis. Non-resident Baltic Sea Fellow, Foreign Policy Research Institute, Philapdelphia, PA, USA.
Lenka Filipová. Deputy Head of Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of Economics, VŠB Technical University of Ostrava, Czech Republic.
Tom Gallagher. Emeritus Professor, University of Bradford, United Kingdom.
Kęstutis Girnius. Institute of International Relations and Political Science, Vilnius University, Lithuania.
Christopher A. Hartwell. Professor, Department of Management in Digital and Networked Societies, Kosminski University, Warsaw, Poland.
Karen Henderson. University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Bratislava, Slovakia.
Marko Attila Hoare. Department of Political Science and International Relations, Sarajevo School of Science and Technology, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Jadranka Kaludjerović. Programme Director, Institute for Strategic Studies and Prognoses, Podgorica, Montenegro.
Ella Kallai. Chief Economist, Alpha Bank Romania, Bucharest, and co-founder of Consilium Policy Advisors Group, Bucharest, Romania.
Andres Kasekamp. Professor of History and Chair. of Estonian Studies at the University of Toronto, Canada.
Cvete Koneska. Head of Political and Security Analysis for S-RM Risk and Intelligence, London, United Kingdom.
Filip Kostelka. Lecturer, Department of Government, University of Essex, United Kingdom.
David Lea. Political analyst specializing in European affairs.
Jasmin Mujanović. Political scientist and analyst specializing in South-East European and international affairs.
Ivan Piper. Researcher, Institute for Strategic Studies and Prognoses, Podgorica, Montenegro.
Anita Prażmowska. Professor of International History, London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, United Kingdom.
Tena Prelec. Research Associate, LSEE Research on South Eastern Europe, London School of Economics and Political Science; Research Fellow, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford; and Member, Balkans in Europe Policy Advisory Group (BiEPAG).
Mariola Pytliková. Associate Professor, Economics Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CERGE-EI), Prague, Czech Republic.
Andrew Ryder. Political and economic analyst, researcher and consultant on regional economic development, regional geography and sustainability; and reitred lecturer, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
Gábor Scheiring. Marie Curie Fellow at the Department of Social and Political Sciences and the Dondena Centre, Bocconi University, Italy.
Katarzyna Sidło. Political economist at the Center for Social and Economic Research, Warsaw, Poland.
Tobias Spöri Researcher, Department of Political Science, University of Vienna, Austria.
Marcus Tanner. Journalist and author.
Alen Toplišek. Lecturer in International Political Economy, King's College London, United Kingdom.
Luca J. Uberti. Researcher, Department of Economics and Management, University of Luxembourg.
Urmas Varblane. Professor of International Business, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu, Estonia.
Maté Veres. Political and economic analyst based in Budapest, Hungary.
Biljana Vankovska. Professor at the Institute for Security, Defence and Peace Studies, Faculty of Philosophy, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, North Macedonia.
Emilia Zankina. Dean, Temple University Rome, Italy.

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia

Shirin Akiner. Late Research Associate, Near and Middle East Section, School of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, and Late Associate Fellow, Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs), London, United Kingdom.
John Anderson. Professor, School of International Relations and Centre for Russian, Soviet, Central and East European Studies, University of St Andrews, United Kingdom.
Anders Äslund. Senior Fellow, Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council, Washington, DC, and Adjunct Professor, Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA.
Kamil Całus. Research Fellow, Department for Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova, Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich im. Marka Karpia (Marek Karp Centre for Eastern Studies), Warsaw, Poland, Editor of Sporjzenie na Wschód quarterly.
Laure Delcour. Associate Professor, Institut d’Etudes européennes, Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3, Paris, France.
Pál Dunay. Professor of NATO and European Security Issues, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmish-Partenkirchen, Germany, and Associate Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
Maxim Edwards. Eurasia Editor at Global Voices, former editor of openDemocracy Russia (oDR). Journalist and translator specializing in Eastern Europe and the post-Soviet space.
Payam Foroughi. Assistant Professor of Political Science and Public Administration, American University of Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistan, and Thesis Supervisor, OSCE Academy in Bishkek, Kyrzgystan.
Philip Hanson. Emeritus Professor at University of Birmingham and Associate Fellow of the Russia and Eurasia Programme, Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs), London, United Kingdom.
Edmund Herzig. Masoumeh and Fereydoon Soudavar Professor of Persian Studies and Fellow of Wadham College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Nikolai Holmov. Writer and consultant specializing in Ukrainian political, civil society, local governance and security affairs.
Galina Kolodzinskaia. Visiting Research Fellow and Member of Research Group for Russia, Asia and International Trade, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), Oslo, Norway.
Taras Kuzio. Professor, Department of Political Science, National University of Kyiv Mohyla Academy, Ukraine, and Non-Resident Fellow, Foreign Policy Institute, School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC, USA.
Eric Lepisto. Anthropologist specializing in socio-political transformations in the successor states of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Robert E. Looney. International consultant specializing in economic development and Distinguished Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA.
Elene Melikishvili. Analyst in political risk and international relations.
Rasmus Nilsson. Teaching Fellow in Russian Foreign and Security Policy, UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Vladimer Papava. Professor of Economics, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia, Senior Fellow, Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies, Tbilisi, Georgia, and Senior Associate Fellow of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program Joint Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Andrew Ryder. Researcher and consultant on regional economic development, regional geography and sustainability.
Ann-Mari Sätre. Associate Professor of Economics, Senior Lecturer and Research Director, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Anna Savchenko. Political scientist and researcher, specializing in Kazakhstani politics, citizenship, statelessness, gender and social modernization.
Vahram Ter-Matevosyan. Associate Professor, Chair of the Political Science and International Affairs Program, American University of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia.
Michael Tokmazishvili. Senior researcher, Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE-Transcaucasus), Tbilisi, Georgia, and Head of Macroeconomic Division-Budget Office, Parliament of Georgia.

The Far East and Australasia

Bryant J. Allen. Visiting Fellow, State Society and Governance in Melanesia Program, School of International, Political and Strategic Studies, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Robert F. Ash. Professor, Department of Financial and Management Studies, and Professorial Fellow, SOAS China Institute, SOAS University of London, United Kingdom.
Dean Asziekielowicz. Lecturer, School of Arts. Murdoch University, Perth, Australia.
Frank Bongiorno. Professor, School of History, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Anne Booth. Emerita Professor of Economics, SOAS University of London, United Kingdom.
Kerry Brown. Director of the Lau China Institute and Professor of Chinese Studies, King’s College London, University of London, United Kingdom.
Ian Campbell. Former Professor, School of Social Sciences, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji.
Chan Kok Hoe. Lecturer, Department of Economics, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
James Chin. Professor of Asian Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.
Paul D’Arcy. Associate Professor, School of Culture, History and Language, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Harvey Demaine. Former Associate Professor of Regional, Rural and Agricultural Development Planning, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand.
Jörn Dosch. Professor of International Relations and Development Co-operation, University of Rostock, Germany.
Ronald Duncan AO. Emeritus Professor, Crawford School of Public Policy, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Sophal Ear. Cambodianist, Trustee, Centre for Khmer Studies, and Associate Professor, Department of Diplomacy and World Affairs, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Nicholas Farrelly. Professor and Head of Social Sciences, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.
Dafydd Fell. Reader in Comparative Studies, with special reference to Taiwan, Department of Politics and International Studies, Director, Centre of Taiwan Studies, SOAS University of London, United Kingdom.
Stewart Firth. Research Fellow, Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Aidan Foster-Carter. Honorary Senior Research Fellow in Sociology and Modern Korea, University of Leeds, United Kingdom.
Michael Freeberne. Former Lecturer in Geography, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Volker Grabowsky. Professor of Thai Studies, Head of Southeast Asia Department, Asia-Africa Institute, University of Hamburg, Germany.
Jeanine Graham. Former Senior Lecturer in History, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
Lok Sang Ho. Professor of Economics, Centre for Public Policy Studies, Lingnan University, Hong Kong.
James E. Hoare. Former Research Analyst, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London, United Kingdom.
Douglas Hunt. Lecturer in Economics, and Research Fellow, Griffith Business School, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
Kenneth E. Jackson. Former Director, Centre for Development Studies, University of Auckland, and Adjunct Research Professor, Auckland Institute of Studies, Auckland, New Zealand.
Trude Jacobsen. Professor in Asian History, Department of History, College of Arts and Liberal Sciences, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA.
Randall Jones. Former Head of the Japan/Korea Desk at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris, France, and Visiting Scholar, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
Walid Jumblatt bin Abdullah. Assistant Professor, Public Policy and Global Affairs Program, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Wee Chian Koh. Researcher, Centre for Strategic and Policy Studies, Brunei Darussalam, and Adjunct Assistant Professor, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam.
Charles Krusekopf. Professor, School of Business, Royal Roads University, Victoria, BC, Canada.
Michael Leach. Professor of Politics and International Relations, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia, and Co-founder of the Timor-Leste Studies Association.
Suiwah Leung. Honorary Associate Professor of Economics, Crawford School of Economics and Government, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
S. R. Joey Long. Associate Professor, Department of History, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
Robert E. Looney. International consultant specializing in economic development, and Distinguished Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA.
Mats Lundahl. Professor Emeritus of Development Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
A. E. McQueen. Former Assistant General Manager, New Zealand Government Railways, New Zealand.
Anthony Milner. Professorial Fellow, University of Melbourne, Australia, Visiting Professor, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Emeritus Professor, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
N. J. Miners. Former Reader in Political Science, Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Gaea Morales. Ph.D. Student, Political Science and International Relations, Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Andrew C. Nahm. Professor Emeritus of History and Former Consultant to the Office of International Education and Programs, Western Michigan University, USA.
Li Narangoa. Professor of Asian History, and Deputy Director of the Mongolia Institute, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Australia.
Bhanupong Nidhiprabha. Professor, Faculty of Economics, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Michael G. Plummer. Director of the European campus of the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS Europe), and Eni Professor of International Economics, Johns Hopkins University, Bologna, Italy, and non-resident Senior Fellow, East-West Center, Honolulu, HI, USA.
Shyama Ratnasiri. Senior Lecturer in Economics, Griffith Business School, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
Christopher B. Roberts. Director of the National Asian Studies Centre, Faculty of Business, Government and Law, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia.
James R. Rush. Professor of History, School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
Alan J. K. Sanders. Mongolist, and former Lecturer in Mongolian Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
John Sargent. Late Head of the Geography Department, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
John T. Sidel. Sir Patrick Gillam Professor of International and Comparative Politics, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom.
Fredrik Sjöholm. Professor and Director, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
Ross Steele. Former Principal Demographer, Department of Planning Transport and Infrastructure, Government of South Australia, and Adjunct Academic Staff, Applied Population Studies Program, School of the Environment, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.
Robert Sutter. Professor of Practice of International Affairs, The Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.
James Tang. Dean of the School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore.
Ardeth Thawnghmung. Professor and Chair, Political Science Department, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA.
Hiroaki Richard Watanabe. Lecturer, School of East Asian Studies, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom.
Michael Meow-Chung Yap. Associate Professor, Business Economics and Quantitative Methods Division, Nottingham University Business School, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Nottingham Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

The Middle East and North Africa

Issam Abdo Ahmad. Research Assistant, Department of Economics, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.
Shireen AlAzzawi. Lecturer, Economics Department, Leavey School of Business, Santa Clara, CA, USA; and Research Fellow, Economic Research Forum, Cairo, Egypt.
Abdulaziz Alghashian. Lecturer in International Relations, University of Essex, Colchester, UK.
Liam Anderson. Professor of Political Science, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA.
David Barchard. Independent scholar and former >Financial Times correspondent in Turkey.
Claire Beaugrand. Lecturer in Sociology of the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula, Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter, UK.
Benedetta Berti. Senior Advisor and Head of the Policy Planning Division of the Office of the Secretary-General, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Brussels, Belgium.
Dana Blander. Research Fellow, Israel Democracy Institute, Jerusalem, Israel.
Natalia Calfat. Doctoral Candidate, Department of Political Science, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
Jad Chaaban. Associate Professor of Economics, American University of Beirut, Lebanon.
Charles Charalambous. Independent communications consultant and journalist; formerly financial correspondent for the Cyprus Mail.
Kristian Coates Ulrichsen. Fellow for the Middle East, Baker Institute for Public Policy, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA, and Associate Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), London, UK.
Jill Crystal. Professor of Political Science, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.
Gianni Del Panta. Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in Political Science, Scuola Normale Superiore, Florence, Italy.
Vincent Durac. Associate Professor, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Ireland.
Ali Fakih. Associate Professor and Associate Chair, Department of Economics, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.
Courtney Freer. Assistant Professorial Research Fellow, Middle East Centre, London School of Economics, UK.
Richard German. Writer and researcher on international political and economic affairs.
Cengiz Gunes. Associate Lecturer in Politics and International Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.
Mohammad Hammad. Research Assistant, Department of Economics, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.
Gareth Jenkins. Non-resident Senior Fellow with the Silk Road Studies Program, based in İstanbul, Turkey.
George Joffé. Visiting Professor, King’s College London, UK, Lecturer on the Middle East and North Africa, Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, UK, and former deputy director of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), London, UK.
Marc Jones. Assistant Professor in Middle East Studies and Digital Humanities, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar.
Amir Magdy Kamel. Lecturer, Defence Studies Department, and Fellow, Institute of Middle Eastern Studies, King’s College London, UK.
Moundir Lassassi. researcher and Dvision Manager, Centre de Recherche en Economie Appliqueacute;e pour le Développement (CREAD), Algiers, Algeria..
Robert Looney. Distinuguished Professor, Department of National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA.
Simon Mabon. Senior Lecturer, Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion, and Director of The Sectarianism, Proxies and De-sectarianisation Project (SEPAD), Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
Philip McCrum. Chief Economist, Middle East and North Africa, and Director, Economic Advisory, EY, Dubai, UAE.
Fiona Mullen. Director, Sapienta Economics, Nicosia, Cyprus; and former economy adviser to the United Nations Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Cyprus.
Muhamad S. Olimat. Professor of International Relations and Middle East Studies, Emirates Diplomatic Academy, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
James Onley. Director of Historical Research, Qatar National Library, Doha, Qatar; and Editor of the Journal of Arabian Studies (Routledge).
Francis Owtram. Honorary Research Fellow, Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, Exeter, UK; and Gulf History Specialist, The British Library, London, UK.
Nigel Parsons Senior Lecturer, Politics Programme, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
Neil Partrick. Writer and consultant on the Gulf and the Wider Middle East.
David Roberts. Assistant Professor and Lecturer, King’s College London, UK; Adjunct Faculty, Paris School of International Affairs, Sciences Po, Paris, France; and former director of the Qatar office of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies.
Charles Schmitz. Professor and Chair, Department of Geography & Environmental Planning, Towson University, MD, USA.
Assaf Shapira. Director, Political Reform Program, Israel Democracy Institute, Jerusalem, Israel.
Moin Siddiqi. Independent economist specializing in macroeconomic developments and the banking sector in the Middle East and Africa; also advises on trends in petroleum markets.
Katrin Sold. Research Fellow, Center for Near and Middle Eastern Studies, Phillips-University of Marburg, Germany; and Associate Fellow, Deutsche Gesellschaft f&uumul;r Ausw&aumul;rtige Politik (German Council on Foreign Relations), Berlin, Germany.
Andreas Stergiou. Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece.
Ronald Bruce St John. Independent scholar specializing in the political economy of developing states.
Denis J. Sullivan. Professor of Political Science and Director, Middle East Center, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA, and Director of the Boston Consortium for Arab Region Studies.
Elizabeth Taylor. Writer and researcher on international political and economic affairs.
Mehmet Uğur. Professor of Economics and Institutions, Department of International Business and Economics, University of Greenwich, London, UK.
Marc Valeri. Associate Professor in Political Economy of the Middle East and Director of the Centre for Gulf Studies, University of Exeter, UK.
Alice Verticelli. Researcher in Middle East Politics and Doctoral Candidate, Department of Political Science, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.
Edward Wastnidge. Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Studies, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.
Eyal Zisser. Vice Rector, and Yona and Dina Ettinger Chair in Contemporary History of the Middle East, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

South America, Central America and the Caribbean

Charles Arthur. Freelance journalist specializing in Caribbean politics and economics.
Prof. Anna Ayuso. Senior Research Fellow at Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB), Barcelona, Spain.
Dr Marc Becker. Professor of History, Latin American History, at Truman State University, Kirksville, MO, USA.
Prof. Jessica Byron. Director of the Institute of International Relations at the University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago.
Dr Peter Clegg. Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations at the University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.
Dr John Crabtree. Research Associate at the Latin American Centre at the University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Dr David Díaz Arias. Associate Professor of History and Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of History at the University of Costa Rica.
Fabio Andrés Díaz Pabón. Researcher at the African Centre of Excellence for Inequality Research at the University of Cape Town, and Research Associate in the Department of Political and International Studies at Rhodes University, South Africa.
Dr Robert Funk. Senior Associate, Americas Program, at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, USA.
Prof. Francisco E. González. Senior Associate Professor in International Political Economy Latin America at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC, USA.
Prof. Susanne Gratius. Professor of International Law at the Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain.
Prof. Antoni Kapcia. Professor of Latin American History and Director of the Centre for Research on Cuba at the University of Nottingham, United Kingdom.
Prof. Peter Lambert. Professor of Latin American Studies at the University of Bath, United Kingdom.
Dr Francesca Lessa. Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research Fellow at the Latin American Centre, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Prof. Robert E. Looney. Professor of National Security Affairs and Associate Chair of Instruction in the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA.
Ivan Luzardo-Luna. Researcher specializing in Latin American economic affairs.
Prof. Robin Mahon. Professor Emeritus of Marine Affairs in the Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies at the University of the West Indies, Barbados.
Dr Patrick McConney. Senior Lecturer in Marine Resource Management Planning and Director of the Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies at the University of the West Indies, Barbados.
Ellen Moodie. Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA.
Dr Emily Morris. Honorary Research Associate in the Economic Development of Latin America and the Caribbean at University College London’s Institute of the Americas, United Kingdom.
Prof. Hazel A. Oxenford. Professor of Marine Ecology and Fisheries in the Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies at the University of the West Indies, Barbados.
María Gabriela Palacio Ludeña. Assistant Professor in Development Studies in the Faculty of Humanities at Leiden University, Netherlands.
Prof. Francisco Panizza. Professor of Latin American and Comparative Politics at the London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom.
Flávio Pinheiro. Assistant Professor in Public Policy at Federal University of ABC, Brazil.
Pietro Carlos de Souza Rodrigues. Researcher in International Relations at King’s College London, United Kingdom, and University of São Paulo, Brazil.
Juan Carlos Sarazúa. Postdoctoral scholar at the Centro Peninsular en Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales, Autonomous University of Mexico, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico.
Prof. Mónica Serrano. Professor at the Centro de Estudios Internacionales, Colegio de México, Mexico.
Dr Ximena Sosa. Resident Director of the Loyola in Ecuador Program, Loyola University New Orleans, LA, USA.
Dr Ronald Bruce St John. Independent scholar specializing in the political economy of developing states.
Dr Ronny Viales-Hurtado. Professor of Economic History in the Graduate Programme of the University of Costa Rica.
Mark Wilson. Writer and researcher specializing in Caribbean affairs.
Dr Christopher Wylde. Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations in the Department of Business, Law and Society at St Mary’ University, Twickenham, United Kingdom.

South Asia

Sadia Afrin. Financial Sector Specialist, World Bank Group, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Lok Raj Baral. Executive Chairman, Nepal Centre for Contemporary Studies, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Nick J. Freeman. Associate Fellow, ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, Singapore.
Marian Gallenkamp. Senior Research Assistant, Department of Political Science, South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University, Germany.
Michael Gillan. Senior Lecturer, UWA Business School, University of Western Australia, Australia.
Krishna Hachhethu. Professor of Political Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Raghbendra Jha. Executive Director, Australia South Asia Research Centre and Professor of Economics, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics, Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Pramod Kantha. Associate Professor of Political Science, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA.
S. I. Keethaponcalan. Associate Professor, Conflict Analysis and Dispute Resolution, Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD, USA.
Diego Maiorano Research Fellow, Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
Iftikhar H. Malik. Professor of History, Bath Spa University, UK.
Ilhan Niaz. Associate Professor of History, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Pranab Kumar Panday. Professor, Department of Public Administration, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
Shubhangi Pandey. Junior Fellow, Strategic Studies Programme, Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi, India.
Harsh V. Pant. Director of Studies and Head of Strategic Studies Programme, Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi, India, and Professor of International Relations, Department of Defence Studies and India Institute, King’s College London, UK.
Geoffrey Parrinder. Late Emeritus Professor of the Comparative Study of Religions, University of London, UK.
Gyan Pradhan. Professor and Chair, Department of Economics, Christopher Newport University, Newport News, VA, USA.
Gareth Price. Senior Research Fellow, Asia-Pacific Programme, Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs), London, UK.
Tirthankar Roy. Professor in Economic History, Department of Economic History, London School of Economics, UK.
S. W. R. de A. Samarasinghe. Economic Consultant and former Adjunct Professor, Payson Center for International Development, Tulane University of Louisiana, New Orleans, LA, USA.
Ronojoy Sen. Senior Research Fellow, Institute of South Asian Studies and South Asian Studies Programme, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
Brian Shaw. Honorary Research Fellow, Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Sinderpal Singh. Senior Fellow and Co-ordinator of the South Asia Programme, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Clemens Spiess. Senior Project Manager, International Relations, America and Asia, Robert Bosch Stiftung, Stuttgart, Germany.
David Taylor. Associate Professor and Head of Educational Programmes, Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations, Aga Khan University, London, UK.
Louise Tillin. Director and Reader in Politics, India Institute, King’s College London, UK.

The USA and Canada

Theodore R. Alter. Professor of Agricultural, Environmental and Regional Economics, and Co-Director of the Center for Economic and Community Development at the Pennsylvania State University, USA; Adjunct Research Fellow at the Australian Centre for Agriculture and Law, University of New England, Australia.
Chris W. Bonneau. Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Pittsburgh, USA, and Co-Editor, State Politics and Policy Quarterly.
Duane Bratt. Professor of Political Science and Chair, Department of Economics, Justice, and Policy Studies at Mount Royal University, Calgary, Canada.
P. W. Daniels. Emeritus Professor, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
David Hastings Dunn. Professor of International Politics and Director of Internationalisation, Department of Political Science and International Studies at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
James W. Dunn. Emeritus Professor of Agricultural Economics at the Pennsylvania State University, USA.
Milton C. Hallberg. Late Professor Emeritus of Agricultural Economics at the Pennsylvania State University, USA.
Steve Hewitt. Senior Lecturer in American and Canadian Studies, Department of History and American and Canadian Studies Research Centre at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Alexandra Homolar. Associate Professor of International Security at the University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.
Dennis S. Ippolito. Eugene McElvaney Professor of Political Science and Chairman of the Department of Political Science at the Southern Methodist University, USA.
Taylor Jackson. Independent Researcher and former Senior Policy Analyst, Centre for Natural Resource Studies at the Fraser Institute, Canada.
John Kramer. Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Criminology at the Pennsylvania State University, USA.
Robert E. Looney. International consultant specializing in energy security and economic development, and Distinguished Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, USA.
Mark J. L. McClelland. Chief of Staff to John Glen MP, political risk consultant; former Head of Research and Political Risk, Dods Group PLC, United Kingdom.
Trevor McCrisken. Associate Professor in US Politics and International Studies at the University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom, and Member of the Board of Trustees and former Chair of British American Security Information Council (BASIC).
David McKay. Emeritus Professor of Government at the University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom.
Sandy Markwick. Network Director, Winmark Ltd; Writer and researcher specializing in North American and Latin American affairs.
Geoffrey Mercer. Former Reader in the School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Leeds, United Kingdom.
Alexander Moens. Professor of Political Science and Senior Fellow at the Fraser Institute Centre for Canadian-American Relations at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada.
Gillian Peele. Emeritus Professor in Politics at Lady Margaret Hall, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Joël Plouffe. Fellow, Canadian Global Affairs Institute, Calgary, Canada.
Heather Marie Rice. Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania, USA.
David Robertson. Late Emeritus Professor in the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
C. Michael Wernerheim. Professor of Economics at Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John’s, Canada.

Western Europe

Reem Ahmed. Researcher, Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy, University of Hamburg, Germany.
Jussi Ahokas. Chief Economist, SOSTE (Finnish Federation for Social Affairs and Health), Helsinki, Finland.
Lino Briguglio. Professor of Economics, and Director, Islands and Small States Institute, University of Malta, Malta.
Alexander Caviedes. Director, Academic Advisement and Information Center, Farmingdale State College, State University of New York, USA.
Günther K. Chaloupek. Former Director of Economic Policy Section, Austrian Chamber of Labour, Vienna, Austria.
Jacob Christensen. Lecturer, Social Work and Administration, University College Lillebaelt, Odense, Denmark.
Clive H. Church. Emeritus Professor of European Studies, University of Kent, United Kingdom.
John Coakley. Professor, School of History, Anthropology, Philosophy and Politics, Queen's University Belfast, United Kingdom, and Fellow of the Geary Institute Institute for Public Policy, University College Dublin, Ireland.
Andrew Cottey. Senior Lecturer and Jean Monnet Chair in European Political Integration, Department of Government, University College Cork, Ireland.
Xavier Cuadras Morató. Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.
Elena Danescu. Research Scientist, Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
Jakob de Haan. Professor of Political Economy, University of Groningen, Netherlands.
Nicholas Dickinson. Bingham Early Career Fellow in Constitutional Studies, Balliol College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Richard Gillespie. Emeritus Professor of Politics, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.
Rögnvaldur Hannesson. Professor Emeritus, Norwegian School of Economics, Norway.
Anna-Lena Högenauer. Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
Mikko Kuisma. Program Lead and Lecturer, University of Tübingen, Germany.
Mart Kuldkepp. Associate Professor of Scandinavian History and Politics, Department of Scandinavian Studies/European Social and Political Studies, University College London, United Kingdom.
David Lea. Writer and analyst on European political and economic affairs.
Miguel Lebre de Freitas. Assistant Professor, Nova School of Business and Economics and University of Aveiro, Portugal.
Stewart Lloyd-Jones. ISCTE-IUL—Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal, and Director of the Contemporary Portuguese History Research Centre.
Robert E. Looney. International consultant specializing in economic development and Distinguished Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, USA.
Kurt Richard Luther. Emeritus Professor of Comparative Politics, Keele University, United Kingdom, and Visiting Professor, Tongji University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
Lars Magnusson. Professor in Economic History, Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Maurits Meijers. Department of Political Science, Institute of Management Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
Susan Milner. Professor of European Politics and Society, Department of Politics, Languages and International Studies, University of Bath, United Kingdom.
Maurits Meijers. Department of Political Science, Institute of Management Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
Manuela Mischitelli. School of European Political Economy (SEP), Luiss University, Rome, Italy.
Tommy Möller. Professor of Political Science, Stockholm University, Sweden.
Brendan Moore. Senior Research Associate, Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom.
Anthony Mughan. Emeritus Professor of Political Science, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
James L. Newell. Co-Editor of Contemporary Italian Politics, Routledge, United Kingdom.
Katrín Ólafsdóttir. Assistant Professor, School of Business, Reykjavík University, Iceland.
Stefanía Óskarsdóttir. Associate Professor, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland.
William E. Paterson. Honorary Professor of German and European German Politics, Aston Centre for Europe, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Godfrey A. Pirotta. Professor of Government and Policy Studies, and Director, Institute of Public Administration and Management, University of Malta, Malta.
Daniela Pisoiu. Senior Researcher, Austrian Institute for International Affairs, Vienna, Austria.
Christian Schweiger. Visiting Professor and Chair, Comparative European Governance Systems, Institute for Political Science, Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany.
James Shields. Honorary Professor in French Studies, University of Warwick, United Kingdom.
Martin Smith. Head of Department and Anniversary Professor of Politics, University of York, United Kingdom.
Marco Simoni. Luiss University, Rome, and President, Human Technopole, Milan, Italy.
Tobias Straumann. Senior Lecturer of Economic History, University of Zurich, Switzerland.
Paul Tobin. Senior Lecturer, Department of Politics, University of Manchester, United Kingdom.
Francisco Torres. Visiting Professor, Católica Lisbon School of Business and Economics, Portugal.
Benthe van Wanrooij. Department of Political Science, Institute of Management Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
Martin Westlake. Visiting Professor in Practice in the European Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom, and Visiting Professor, European Political and Governance Studies Department, College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium.
Steven B. Wolinetz. Professor Emeritus, Department of Political Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada.
Andrej Zaslove. Department of Political Science, Institute of Management Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

 


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