Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group
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The Republic of Argentina occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents between 1976 and 1983 remained politically sensitive in the early 21st century. In 2001 economic disaster forced Fernando de la Rúa of the Unión Cívica Radical to resign as President. He was replaced by a succession of Presidents prior to the election of Peronist Néstor Kirchner in 2003. He was succeeded by his wife, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, in 2007. Peronist rule came to an end with the election of Mauricio Macri in 2015, but the Peronists regained the presidency in 2019. Argentina’s capital is Buenos Aires. The language is Spanish.


Head of State: President Alberto Fernández
Head of Government: President Alberto Fernández

Presidential Election

Last election: 27 October 2019
Next election: October 2023

Legislative Election

Last election: Mid-term, 14 November 2021
Next election: October 2023

Area and Population

Area: 2,780,403 sq km
Population (official projection, mid-2022): 46,234,830
Population density (at mid-2022): 16.6 per sq km
Life expectancy (years at birth, 2019): 76.7 (males 73.2; females 80.0)


GDP in current prices (World Bank estimates, 2020): US $383,067m. ($8,442 per head)
Real GDP growth (provisional, 2020): –9.9%
Inflation (average change in consumer prices, 2020): 42.0%
Currency: new peso



Citation: Argentina, in Europa World online. London, Routledge. Retrieved 23 January 2022 from

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